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user-agent strings

Status of this document

This is a major revision of the original, obsolete, user-agent string proposal. See the discussions on netscape.public.mozilla.seamonkey and netscape.public.mozilla.netlib for background information.

This document is the official Mozilla user-agent string specification. However, the following issues are under review and may be revised in the near future:

  • The requirement for a three-digit Minor version number has not yet been tested on the web because there has not yet been a "point release" of Mozilla. Thus there is a chance that this may need to be changed.
  • There is concern that the attempt to separate Platform and OS-or-CPU on Windows and Macintosh is not backwards compatible and the user-agent strings should return to their old-fashioned form.
  • There is concern that giving the operating system version on Windows reveals too much information about a system (such as potential security holes).
  • There is concern that revealing localization information is a violation of privacy.


The original goals:

  • Obey the standard described in RFC 1945 and RFC 2068.
  • Don't break existing web servers.
  • Don't break existing log-file analysis software or user-agent parsing code.
  • Keep the User-Agent string reasonably short.
  • Use a consistent, obvious, and easy-to-parse format.

Other concerns that came out of discussion:

  • Provide date-based version information.
  • Address the issue of version modifiers.
  • Provide a way for applications that contain Mozilla technology (i.e. Gecko) but are not Mozilla to identify themselves


For browsers based on Mozilla, the user-agent string shall follow the format:

MozillaProductToken (MozillaComment) GeckoProductToken *(VendorProductToken|VendorComment)

Applications that embed the Gecko layout engine shall have user-agent strings that follow the format:

ApplicationProductToken (ApplicationComment) GeckoProductToken *(VendorProductToken|VendorComment)


MozillaProductToken Mozilla/ MozillaVersion
MozillaVersion Major . minor
Major Integer indicating major release number.
Minor If non-zero, it shall be a three-digit, zero-filled number, i.e. 001. If zero, zero is fine.
MozillaComment ( Platform ; Security ; OS-or-CPU ; Localization information ?[; PrereleaseVersion] ) *[; Optional Other Comments] )
Platform Allowed values:
  • Windows for all Microsoft Windows environments
  • Macintosh for all MacOS environments
  • X11 for X Window System environments
  • etc.
Security Allowed values:
  • N for no security
  • U for strong security
  • I for weak security
OS-or-CPU Values for Windows systems:
  • Win3.11 for Windows 3.11
  • WinNT3.51 for Windows NT 3.11
  • WinNT4.0 for Windows NT 4.0
  • Windows NT 5.0 for Windows 2000
  • Win95 for Windows 95
  • Win98 for Windows 98
  • Win 9x 4.90 for Windows Me
  • etc.
Values for MacOS systems shall be:
  • 68K for 68k hardware
  • PPC for PowerPC hardware
  • etc.
Values for Unix systems shall be the output of the command uname -sm (also accessible as the sysname and machine fields of the utsname structure.) (Previous versions of this document said they should be the output of uname -srm, but the release field of the utsname structure was considered to reveal too much information about the system, such as potential security holes.)
Localization Information Language Tag as described in the standards RFC 1945 and RFC 2068. Examples:
en, en-US, es, es-CO, ja, ja-JP, etc.
PrereleaseVersion String whose first character is [a-zA-Z]. By convention, used to indicate pre-release versions, such as beta quality software, or milestones. This should not be present in final release software.
GeckoProductToken Gecko/GeckoVersion

The Gecko product token allows products that embed the Gecko engine, including Mozilla, to identify this significant sub-product.

GeckoVersion Date in the format YYYYMMDD. For official Mozilla builds, this will correspond to the date portion of the BuildID. For branded versions of Mozilla, the GeckoVersion should correspond to the date the code was pulled from, and may not necessarily correspond to the date portion of the generated BuildID.
ApplicationProductToken, Application Comment For use by applications that embed Gecko layout engine. The form of their product token and comment is not specified here, but should adhere to the HTTP standards.
( VendorProductToken | VendorComment ) Product tokens for applications based on Mozilla. Format and content shall be vendor-specific, but should adhere to the HTTP standards.
* Zero or more of the following token are allowed.
? Zero or one of the following token are allowed.


A release Mozilla/5.001 (windows; U; NT4.0; en-us) Gecko/25250101
A branded release based on the same codebase as the browser above Mozilla/5.001 (Macintosh; N; PPC; ja) Gecko/25250101 MegaCorpBrowser/1.0 (MegaCorp, Inc.)
A re-branded release Mozilla/9.876 (X11; U; Linux 2.2.12-20 i686, en) Gecko/25250101 Netscape/5.432b1 (C-MindSpring)
A Gecko-based browser TinyBrowser/2.0 (TinyBrowser Comment) Gecko/20201231

Implementation notes for applications, vendors, and extensions

Starting with Mozilla 1.8 beta2, the best way for applications, vendors, and extensions (if needed) to add to default preferences to add VendorProductTokens or VendorComments is to add a default preference of the form general.useragent.extra.identifier. All of the general.useragent.extra.* preferences will have their string values added to the User-Agent string in alphabetical order by identifier. For example:

  • pref("general.useragent.extra.megabrowser", "MegaCorpBrowser/1.0 (MegaCorp, Inc.)");
  • pref("general.useragent.extra.tinydistro", "TinyDistroLinux/2.3");

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